Wednesday, March 11, 2009

Beautiful Song with Translation

Note that this translation is done by someone who does not know Sanskrit but used online help to find out the meaning. There are many meanings for the same word in many instances. So I picked the one that seemed to fit well with the sentence as a whole. Please correct me if I have made any mistakes. Does anyone know what Bhaje means in Sanskrit? I also assumed this was Sanskrit and not Hindi or Marathi by the way the words were formulated. I hope you enjoy the translation.

rAghavam karuuNAkaram bhaya nAshanam duritApaham

Oh Rama, You are a descendant of the Raghu Dynasty. You are generous with your compassion. You destroy fears and sins.

rAghavam- A descendant of the Raghu Dynasty.

karuuNAkaram- Generous with your compassion.
bhaya- fear
nAshanam- Destruction
Bhaya Nashanam- The Destroyer of Fear

duritA- Sin or Evil
paham- probably the remover

mAdhavam madhusUdanam puruSOttamam paramEshvaram

Oh Krishna, you are the descendent of Madhu of the Yadu race. You are the Husband of the goddess of fortune, Shri Lakshmi. (These two sentences show two meanings of Madhava).You are the slayer of the Demon Madhu. You are the supreme Lord, you are Shri Jaganatha.

mAdhavam- A descendant of Madhu, man of the race Yadu, Sweetness, Shri Krishna
madhusUdanam - Slayer of Demon Madhu

puruSOttamam- Purshottam the Supreme Soul, also śrī-puruṣottama is Lord Jagannātha. "Lord Jagannātha is the Supreme Lord Himself in the form of wood, and the river Ganges is the Supreme Lord Himself in the form of water. Purushottaman means also ideal man.

paramEshvaram- The Supreme Lord

bAlakam bhava tArakam jaya bhAvukam ripumArakam

You are childlike in your emotions and spirit which shine like the stars. You bring victory over the emotions. You destroy all enemies.

bAlakam- Baalaka means childlike

Bhava- Emotion, spirit
tArakam- 'Tarakam' is "Om ", the root of mantra which protects and saves one who earnestly aspired for it.
ALSO MEANING- transcendent, intuitional

Jaya- victory
bhAvukam- Emotional or something else
ripumArakam- destroyer of enemies.
Ripu- Enemy
Maraka- destroyer

tvAm bhajE jagadIshvaram nara rUpiNam raghunandanam

You are the master of all the worlds. You took the form of a beautiful man who came from the lineage of king Raghu.

Tvam- you


jagadIshvaram- jagat-of the worlds; ishvara-of the masters;
Master of the worlds.

Nara- Man

Rupinam- having beauty

Raghu- name of an ancient king of AryAvarta whose descendant was Lord Rama.
Nandanam- Nandana means son or Paradise of Indra.
(The lineage described in the Raghuvamsha goes thus: Dilip was the father of Raghu, who was the father of Aja, who was the father of Dasaratha, who was the father of Rama.

citkalam ciranjIvanam vanamAlinam varadhunmukham

You being the pure intellect to action. Your existence is ancient. You wear the Vanamala garland, the garland of wild flowers. You have an excellent face which resembles a beautiful tune.

Citikalam- the one who stimulates(To rouse to activity or heightened action) are intellect, spirit, soul (Chit)

ciranjIvanam- Old existence
ciran- old
jivana- giving life, life, jiivana n. lifetime, livelyhood, existence, subsistence
I will go with existence

Vanamali- Wearing the Vanamala garland, a garland of wild flowers.

Varadhunmukham- One with an Excellent face (Which resembles a beautiful tune.)
Vara Foremost, best, excellent
Dhun- means a tune in Hindi. Dhun can also mean shake, remove, shake off, cause to shake…
Mukham- the Face. Also Visage meaning the face, usually with reference to shape, features, expression,

shAntitam shiva sampadam sharadhAriNam jaya shAlinam

You are giver of peace. You are also Shiva who is Bliss personified. You make everything complete. You are the keeper and embracer of reality. Victory to the modest one.

Shanti- peace

Shiva- God. Can also mean Bliss, favorable, gracious…

sampadam- sampaadam indecl. making complete in number

Shara- reality, essence, energy, power…
Dhari- I Take, accepting, embracing, keeping…

Jaya- Victory

Shalina- modest, shy, decent, humility…

tvAm bhajE jagadIshvaram nara rUpiNam raghunandanam

(Same verse from an Above Line)
You are the master of all the worlds. You took the form of a beautiful man who came from the lineage of king Raghu.

Help from:

Sanskrit dictionaries:

And other sources on Google.

Monday, February 2, 2009

Eastern and Western Music Blend

This is the height of music when it becomes universal. This video is called Western Classical Meets Indian Music. By V.S. Narasimhan

Wednesday, January 14, 2009

Clarinet Performance of Rag Malkauns

This master of the clarinet shows that non-western instruments can be used successfully for Indian music. Here is another link for a piece of Indian played by Cello and Sitar musicians. They are playing Rag Jog for their composition:

Connection between Swaras and Chakras Given on

This Dialogue is taken from in the Queries Section:

I have a question concerning tuning of instruments. I have read that different pitches affect the chakras differently, and that SA RE GA etc. are associated with the chakras. Are those pitches particularly frequencies, i.e. is a sitar or tambura always tuned to a specific frequency in order to have that effect? Esoteric traditions seem to point to B or C# as having profound effects on the physiology, but I cannot get a straight answer on this from any of the Indian musicians I have spoken with.

Hoping for some clarification.
Donald Sosin

Omenad writes:

There is a passing reference to Naadi-s in Sharanagdev's Sangeet Ratnakar. In shloka 1|3.. he refers to 22 naadi-s which in response to diferent force of air give rise to 22 shruti-s. Pandit Omkar Nath Thakur, singer par excellence writes in his Pranav Bharati that at a young age he had heard his father discuss awakaening of Kundalini through Nada but whether these related to 22 musical shruti-s it is difficult to state.

According to Naadbindoopanishad (shloka 36-46) Naad has the great power of uniting the mind with supreme cleansing it of all worldly objects. Hence the aspirant through practise should endeavour to hear this naad within. In the first stage of meditation one hears ocean waves, streams; in the second, Ghanta (large bell), Mardal; in the final state he hears the sound onf Kinkani, Flute, Veena. That the world does not exist, he'd feel when he attains such blending as of milk and water.

There is no medical corroboration of Chakra-Naadi-Kundalini etc. The practices based on these stress upon "looking within". Quite as rules of Newtonian Physics fail in domain of Quantum, the material truth differs from the spiritual truth. You are using material terms (pitch, B or C#) to measure the spiritual (chakra). The discipline of music limited by rules of Newtonian Sound Physics can supply no answers to spiritual queries. Please check out "Measure for Measure".

Indian Music: Musical Notes and Their Relationship to their Spiritual Effect on the Human Body

"The notes are viewed to have an organic unity. Thus
sa is said to be the ¹atman, ri the head, ga the arms, ma
the chest, pa the throat, dha the lips, and ni the feet.
These seven limbs evoke a presence, and give birth to
the devas.", "Early Indian Music", Subhash Kak, February 17, 2002

Quote From's translation of Thyagaraja song Swara Raga Sudha:

"Devotion blended with the nectar of svara and raga alone is capable of leading one to salvation. How incongruous if a crane and frog (with their cacaphonous outpourings) sit on the lotus of supreme bliss? Understanding the divine nada emanating from the subtle primal source in the body gives one a forestate of the supreme bliss. To identify the subtle and mystic sources of the seven svaras of the musical scale in the body referred to as chakras is verily a yoga leading to salvation. If one bangs the mrdanga wildly without being aware of the intricacies of the rhythmic art, can the result give joy? Likewise, to offer worship to the Lord without mental purity points to a life base and repugnant (as a pig's) It is only after countless births that one is born wise enough to think of liberation and adopt himself to a life of devotion. Yet if any one, naturally devoted to the Lord is also equipped with the knowledge of raga, he attains salvation shortcircuiting the endless cycle of births and deaths. Tyagaraja has been blessed with Svararnava a musical treatise expounded by Lord Shiva to Parvati and is aquainted with the intricacies of music at the highest level. So, with faith in his words, understand these details."

As said above, Thygaraja was able to learn about the relationship between the swaras (musical notes) and the chakras, but in the details are not discussed in this composition. I would love if someone obtained the text of the Svararnava. I will be working to see if the musical treatise has anything written about it's contents.

There are many other sources showing that there is a connection between the notes and the human body. I do not know if any scientific evidence has been properly done on this topic.